Government Loan Schemes
India was recently termed as the only, truly emerging market in the world at the moment. A part of this growth is fueled by the micro, small and medium enterprises of the country. The SME sector contributes over 40% of the total GDP and remains a critical source of employment for India’s growing population. Recognizing the importance of SME growth in the post-demonetization era, the government has started some new business loan schemes and boosted other existing ones. Here are the top five business loan schemes from the government of India that you can avail of for small business finance.
Perhaps the most talked about business loan scheme right now is the ‘MSME Business Loans in 59 Minutes’, a scheme first announced in September 2018. The loans under this scheme are given for financial assistance and encouragement of MSME growth in the country. Both new and existing business can utilize the scheme for a financial assistance up to ₹ 1 crore. The actual process takes 8-12 days to complete, while the approval or disapproval is granted within the first 59 minutes of application. It is a refinancing scheme, wherein five authorized public sector banks will grant the funds. The interest rate depends on the nature of your business and credit rating. No information has been given on subsidizing the principal amount or interest subvention.
To apply for business loan under this scheme, you need GST verifications, Income Tax verifications, bank account statements for the last 6-months, ownership related documentation, and KYC details. More information on application and approvals can be sought by visiting the SIDBI portal for this business loan.
Micro-units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) is an organisation established by the government of India to provide business finance to micro-business units. The loans under the scheme are given on the pretext of ‘funding the unfunded’. Since small companies and startups are often left to their own devices for financing their venture, the government has created the concept of low-cost credit to such undertakings. MUDRA Loans are also a refinanced business loans, approved and disbursed through public sector banks, private sector banks, co-operative societies, small banks, scheduled commercial banks and rural banks that come under the scheme. The loans are generally given to micro or small businesses operating in the manufacturing, trading and services sector. The MUDRA Loans are structured as under,
- Sishu Loans up to Rs. 50,000/-
- Kishor Loans up to Rs. 5,00,000/-
- Tarun Loans up to Rs. 10,00,000/-
The CGMSE was first launched in the year 2000 as a monetary support scheme for micro and small enterprises. It offers collateral-free credit for both new and existing business units that satisfy its eligibility criteria. The scheme provides working capital loans up to ₹ 10 lakhs without any collateral. However, for all credit facilities above ₹ 10 lakhs and up to ₹ 1 crore only primary security or mortgage of land and building associated with the building is obtained and such eligible accounts are covered under Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE). Asset created through the credit facility which are associated with the business unit are also considered as security when the loan amount exceeds ₹ 10 lakhs.
The business loans under this scheme are financed by various public and private sector banks covered under the scheme.
The NSIC subsidy for small businesses offers two kinds of financial benefits – Raw Material Assistance and Marketing Assistance. Under the raw material assistance scheme of NSIC, both indigenous and imported raw materials are covered. Under the marketing support, funds are given to SMEs for enhancing their competitiveness and the market value of their products and services. The NSIC is mainly focused on funding small and medium enterprises who wish to improve / grow their manufacturing quality and quantity.
This scheme allows small businesses to upgrade their process by financing technological upgradation. The technological upgradation can be related to numerous processes within the organization, such as manufacturing, marketing, supply chain etc. Through the CLCSS scheme, the government aims to reduce the cost of production of goods and services for small and medium enterprises, thus allowing them to remain price competitive in local and international markets. The scheme is run by the Ministry of Small-Scale Industries. The CLCSS offers an up-front capital subsidy of 15% for eligible business. However, there is a cap to the maximum amount that can be availed as subsidy under the scheme, which is set at ₹ 15 lakhs. Sole proprietorships, partnership firms, co-operative, private and public limited companies come under the ambit of this business loan scheme.
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